RIP Jay Landesman, Founder of Crystal Palace Nightclub, Mayor of Gaslight Square, Writer and All-Around Hep Cat

John Claridge
​Jay Landesman, who founded the Crystal Palace nightclub, which became the linchpin of the Gaslight Square hipster/entertainment district, and wrote the novel The Nervous Set, which became the basis for the world's first (and only) beatnik musical, died Sunday in London. He was 91.

His son Cosmo, now a film critic for the London Sunday Times, wrote in his 2008 memoir, Starstruck: Fame, Failure, My Family and Me:

My dad has had an interesting life. He's never had a job that bored him. He is an original man, a man who has opened minds and emptied a few rooms in his time ... He's taken tea with Bette Davis, cocktails with Bessie Smith and LSD with Timothy Leary. His is a life that many would envy; I know I do. And yet my dad has never thought of himself as a success, for one simple reason: he isn't a big name. His life has always lacked the imprimatur of celebrity.

If only he had stayed in St. Louis...

But to begin at the beginning:

Landesman was born Irving Ned Landesman in St. Louis in 1919. His parents, Benjamin and Beatrice, owned Landesman Galleries, an antique store on Olive Street, just east of Grand Boulevard. Jay took over the business in the late 1940s, after he finished college at the University of Missouri-Columbia and Rice University in Houston.

On buying trips to New York, Landesman became enamored of the emerging beatnik scene. He eventually moved there and founded a quarterly literary journal "by and for neurotics" called, naturally enough, Neurotica. It became an early outlet for work by Allen Ginsberg, Kenneth Patchen and Marshall McLuhan, who was then a young professor at Saint Louis University.

Courtesy of Western Historical Manuscript Collection
Jay and Fran Landesman in the late 1950s.
​Also in New York, Landesman met and married Fran Deitsch, daughter of a Connecticut dress manufacturer and an aspiring songwriter. They moved back to St. Louis in 1952 with the idea of opening a nightclub. Landesman's older brother Fred joined in the venture, and the Crystal Palace made its debut in a former gay bar at 3516 Olive, furnished largely with antiques poached from Landesman Galleries.

KWMU-FM theater and film reviewer Joe Pollack was an early regular. As he recalled to Dennis Brown in Brown's wonderful 2004 Riverfront Times feature story, "Beat Regeneration",

Jay was a kind of overarching Rasputin. He enjoyed being a raconteur. To borrow a line from Noel Coward, he had a talent to amuse. I don't think [Fred] used as much dope as Jay did. He didn't have an open marriage like Jay and Fran did. He seemed to be a sane and sober guide to what was going on.

In 1957, the Crystal Palace moved west, to 4240 Olive, in the heart of what was becoming known as Gaslight Square, what St. Louisans boasted was their version of Greenwich Village. It's unlikely that anyone in the original Village felt threatened, but Landesman coaxed many of its denizens, including Ginsberg, Woody Allen, Lenny Bruce, Miles Davis and the very young, pre-diva Barbra Streisand to perform at the Palace.

At the urging of a young playwright named Tad Flicker, the Palace began staging highbrow avant-garde drama like Samuel Beckett's Waiting for Godot and Endgame and an adaptation of a comic novel by Fyodor Dostoyevsky. (Really.) Then, in 1959, Flicker began working on a musical adaptation of Landesman's novel The Nervous Set, a fictionalized rendition of the period in New York when he was editing Neurotica and courting Fran. Fran Landesman and the Crystal Palace's house pianist Tommy Wolf wrote the songs.

As Brown described in his feature, The Nervous Set was a rousing success in St. Louis, but a flop on Broadway, though one of its songs, "Spring Can Really Hang You Up the Most", was a hit for the cabaret singer June Christy.

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Joe Pollack's reminiscences seem a trifle harsh.  And "Rasputin" is a poor fit for someone characterized for his egalitarian views and freedom of expression.  My Dad went to high school with Fred Landesman, I can't imagine he ever used "dope" unless Pollack meant "smoking dope". Gaslight Square was an oasis of culture and Bohemian in stuffy St. Louis, paved the way for "Laclede Town" which was our mecca in High School. i have the fondest memories of"the morning after" my "liberal"  Parents frequenting "The Crystal Palace", in their weekend "Nehru Shirts" bringing home exotic memorabilia, and Lps, from likes of The Smothers Bros, Barbra Streisand, Lenny Bruce. I grew up knowing Knight and Wyatt, (they went to school with my cousin).  Their accomplishments not to mention Rocco's says the world about their Parents,  and Aunt and Uncle.


he was my best friend and lover in London, hos open marriage worked because it was as strong as a rock, and we mistresses could be friends with both Jay and Fran, an amazing couple, an amazing bohemian paradise where we took all kinds of drugs, ate macrobitoic and had a lot of fun, as well as publishing great quirky books (By Grand Central Station I sat Down and Wept - Elizabeth Smart). He collected some unique people around him. RIP dear Jay

Bill Hannegan
Bill Hannegan

He was born 2 years earlier than Jack Kerouac and moved the Crystal Palace to Olive the year Kerouac published On The Road. That was also the year I was born. He lived a long life.


Fran's actually a very well-regarded poet. And why devolve into snarkiness at the end with "Fran continued writing songs and Landesman wrote a couple of memoirs about the days when St. Louis was actually a hip place to be"? World is a less cool place for the loss of Jay.

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