ACLU: Missouri Recognizes Out-Of-State Marriage For First Cousins, Why Not Gays?

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Tommy Wu
One of the ACLU's plaintiff couples, LeRoy Fitzwater and Alan Ziegler.
Save the date: September 25, 2014.

That's when oral arguments will kick off in Barrier v. Vasterling, the most direct legal challenge to Missouri's constitutional ban on same-sex marriage since the amendment became law in 2004.

"Missouri has traditionally recognized marriages from other states that were legally entered into," says Tony Rothert, legal director of the American Civil Liberties Union of Missouri, which is suing the state on behalf of eight same-sex couples who were legally married elsewhere in the U.S.. It's unfair, he explains, that Missouri honors the union between two first cousins married in Tennessee and not the one between two women married in Iowa.

See also: ACLU And Eight Gay Couples Sue Missouri Over Same-Sex Marriage Ban

Indeed, Missouri recognizes plenty of marriages from other states that wouldn't be legal here, such as common-law marriages, marriages between first cousins or (in New Hampshire's case) a marriage between a fourteen-year-old boy and thirteen-year-old girl.

"If you're married in another state and it's legal there, Missouri doesn't look into whether your marriage would be valid in Missouri," says Rothert. "It just asks if the marriage was legal where it was entered into."

Though the ACLU's lawsuit doesn't explicitly challenge Missouri's gay-marriage ban, the September hearing for summary judgement motions will likely force the state to defend the legal basis for the constitutional amendment.

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Danny Wicentowski
Fitzwater and Ziegler during the ACLU press conference in February that announced the lawsuit.

See also: The GOP Legislator Who Helped Ban Same-Sex Marriage Supports Workplace Equality For Gays

Rothert concedes that the result of lawsuit could be narrow. It's possible the judge will force Missouri to recognize the marriage of Julikka LaChe and Beth Drouant -- one of the plaintiff couples who married in Iowa in 2010 -- but won't order the state itself to issue marriage licenses to same-sex partners.

However, that very distinction was ripped apart last week by Republican representative Nick Marshall, who had filed articles of impeachment against Governor Jay Nixon for allowing legally married same-sex couples to file joint tax returns in Missouri. Marshall contends there is no distinction between recognizing out-of-state gay marriages and issuing same-sex marriage licenses in Missouri.

"It's clear: Missouri's constitution says we shall not recognize marriage between other than a man and a woman, and the governor has done the exact opposite," Marshall told the House Judiciary Committee last Wednesday, according to St. Louis Public Radio.

"This is such a serious blatant violation of Missouri's constitution and Missouri's law that the governor must be removed from office," he added.

See also: Judge Rules Against Anti-Gay Marriage Effort in Legal Fight Over Missouri Taxes

Rothert says Marshall's political grandstanding is "in a different dimension" and won't affect the legal battle over marriage equality in Missouri. However, a Cole County judge earlier this month ruled against four stalwart conservatives who sued Nixon over the gay taxes issue, claiming they were harmed by the governor's violation of the state constitution.

"The arguments are virtually identical about why the state has to recognize out-of-state marriages and why the state must issue marriage licenses to all couples," says Rothert.

"Our argument is the same," he continues. "You violate equal protection and due process when you deny the fundamental right of marriage to one group based on their sexual orientation."

Continue for the full text of the ACLU's motion.


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21 comments
John Nevettie
John Nevettie

It goes against reproductive society, pissing and moaning about it does not make it acceptable to everyone. Instead of provoking an issue live your life.

Kelle Deyne
Kelle Deyne

It's Missouri- not really known for anything progressive or ethical forefront leaders on anything but stadiums.

Kelle Deyne
Kelle Deyne

It's BEEN time. Until divorce is protested (never happens) the anti love campaign needs to end. Let love rule!!!!

Chris Bergh
Chris Bergh

Rhetorical question. Of course the answer is that by stirring populist anger, conservative politicians can get elected.

Denise Espenschied
Denise Espenschied

YES. God. Why don't we just go ahead and cut out the middle man, start performing the same-sex marriages here? ~.~ C'mon, MO, get your act together. We're falling behind the curve.

Aaron Levi
Aaron Levi

Polygamy, sure...doesn't effect anyone not choosing to be involved. Beastiality? Since animals can't give consent, no. Sharia? The whole point is getting peoples backwards religious tradition out of politics, so that's no.

Andrew Bell
Andrew Bell

Not sure if trolling, or just a terrible human being.

Megg Ray
Megg Ray

Stupid law to begin with

AJ Wilkes
AJ Wilkes

I think the court cases are quickly coming down the pipe that will strike down all state level bans under equal protection and not a minute too soon.

Andrew Jovanovic
Andrew Jovanovic

If we let the ban go then pigs will want to marry goats, white will be the new black, the sky will fall, and taxes will go out the window. There is no real argument against gay people getting married except the argument for discrimination.

Keith Stephens
Keith Stephens

At first I read that as "10-year-olds ban same-sex marriage" Then I thought ,yeah that sounds about right. Then I thought, nope, too insulting to 10-year-olds.

Eric Nickelson
Eric Nickelson

Then why not polygamy... beastiality. .... and sharia? If everything goes why not?

Jason M Parker
Jason M Parker

Given the rate of divorce for straight marriages I don't think we have the right to tell anyone who or how to love.

Scott Hoffmann
Scott Hoffmann

It's time for government to get out of marriage completely

Carl Hill
Carl Hill

So you can marry your cousin, but not your gay lover? What if they are gay cousins? Which law do they follow?

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