The Noble Writ: Do Try This at Home
Aging wine at home is something everyone should attempt. You don't need a cellar. In fact, I hesitate to use the term "cellar" because it carries so many preconceptions. People tend to think of the dusty dungeon-esque catacombs beneath a stately European manse or the large, expensive wine fridges that populate the ads of wine magazines. Both images are misleading. Aging wine doesn't require a large investment, nor is the enjoyment of aged wine limited to the wealthy.
|User "Che," Wikimedia Commons|
|Not Dave Nelson's wine cellar.|
Of course, improve is a very subjective word in this context. There may be some consensus with regard to the evolution of a particular wine from a particular year, but the only thing an older wine is sure to be is older.
(Well, in most cases.)
As it ages, wine goes under a number of complex -- and not particularly well-understood -- chemical changes. As temperature increases so does the rate at which chemical reactions occur. Thus, the warmer the place you are storing the wine, the quicker it will age in the chemical sense. And since these chemical reactions are what causes the flavors and aromas to change, it's this chemical "age" we are really concerned with.
Which brings us to the single biggest obstacle to aging wine at home.
|Hynek Moravec, Wikimedia Commons|
|Also not Dave Nelson's cellar.|
Now, it's not quite as simple as doing a bit of arithmetic (or even algebra) to figure out how much more quickly your particular storage conditions will "age" a wine. There are many reactions involved, and increased temperature will have a different impact on each of them. In addition, some reactions will lead to flavors and aromas you will find pleasant, while others will lead to results you won't enjoy. So what can you do?
I heartily recommend guilt-free experimentation.
First, a couple of caveats before you begin. Most importantly, know that not all of your experiments will work out positively. In fact, some will go horrifically wrong. Relax, accept this inevitability, and be prepared to learn from it. And by learn from it, I mean write things down. It doesn't need to be flowery tasting notes; simple statements of what worked and what didn't should be enough to avoid repeating mistakes.
Next, learning how to age wines and what wines you find worth aging will take some time. Even under the sub-optimal conditions that likely exist in your house, this will be a matter of years, not weeks or months. I strongly suggest aging wine on a small-scale basis until you get both your palate and the impact of your space tuned in.
|User "Glemoigne," Wikimedia Commons|
|40 years and counting...|
If you don't have a clue what sort of wines might improve with age, ask your wine merchant, or drop me a comment or an e-mail. If there's enough interest, I can share my experiences in another post.
You can also cut short (somewhat) the process of figuring out what wines are worth aging by picking up older wines at auction or from specialty retailers to see what flavors and aromas appeal to you.
In my house, wines are aged in what used to be the coal storage room. Nicely situated in the northwest corner of my basement, this ranges from 57 F to 64 F or so over the course of the year. I've been aging wine here for over a decade now, so I've finally got a good feel for how the wines I like age under these circumstances, and I'm very pleased with the results.
So find the coolest place in your home that is also dark -- exposing wine to light causes problems, too -- and start there. If you've got multiple spaces that might work, steady cool is better than cold in the winter and hot in summer. If you don't have any place that's cool enough, or you simply have the money to spend, a small specialty wine refrigerator works well, as does temperature-controlled off-site storage. Then, hit your favorite wine retailer to grab a few victims, and wait.